Rats can be a widespread problem throughout our community and can cause damage to buildings and spread disease. There are simple ways to control their numbers.
The telltale signs include:
Rats are attracted by food and protection. Food sources include:
To discourage rats minimise the food sources and remove materials that may provide shelter:
Rat baits, available from hardware stores and supermarkets are the simplest way to get rid of rat infestations. When purchasing baits, look for single-dose baits in block form. The baits should be placed in areas that are frequented by the rats and away from open spaces. It is important to ensure that you position the baits so that they are inaccessible to children and pets. To ensure this, secure a short length of PVC pipe (400mm - 800mm long) in an area where rats are active, then place bait inside. Check bait daily and replenish as required.
To minimise the risk of rats dying in the roof or wall cavity ensure that all rat activity has ceased before sealing holes in the roof space.
Rat traps can be used, however repeat trapping may not be successful and baiting may be necessary if the problem persists. Good foods to place in rat traps include:; fruit, liquorice, fried bacon, and salami.
If the area is favourable for rats to live they will return. So it is important to not only remove rats from your property but also discourage them from returning.